June is LGBTQIA+ Pride Month, commemorating the Stonewall uprising, which occurred at the end of June 1969. As a result, many Pride events are held during the month to recognise the impact LGBTQIA+ people have had in the world.
Gay Pride or LGBTQIA+ Pride is a positive stance against discrimination and violence, promoting self-affirmation, dignity, equal rights, increasing our visibility as a social group and celebrating sexual diversity and gender variance within our community. Pride, as opposed to shame and social stigma, is the predominant outlook that bolsters most LGBTQIA+ rights movements throughout the world.
Common symbols of pride are the rainbow or pride flag, the lowercase Greek letter lambda, the pink triangle and the black triangle, these latter two reclaimed from use as badges of shame in Nazi concentration camps.
Ranging from solemn to jubilant, pride events (eg. pride parades and marches, rallies, commemorations, community days, dance parties and large festivals) are typically held during LGBTQIA+ Pride Month or some other period that commemorates a turning point in a country’s LGBTQIA+ history.
The State of New York will host the largest international celebration of LGBT pride this year, called Stonewall 50/World Pride NYC, to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Stonewall uprising and a half century of LGBTQIA+ liberation. Events span from June 1-30, 2019, culminating in the famous NYC Pride March. From rallies to parties to lectures, there are free and ticketed events produced by NYC Pride and their official partners spread across New York City.
New Yorkers and global travellers alike will gather as friends, partners, and family to create a welcoming LGBTQIA+ experience. All events for 2019 reflect the breadth and depth of our LGBTQIA+ community. From the iconic nature of the NYC Pride March and the Rally to newer events such as Youth Pride and Pride Island, all events have been created with our vast community in mind. Similar events will be taking place in cities around the world.
Join us this month, as we celebrate all things PRIDE at CIRCA75. Love is Love. XOXO
Christopher Street Liberation Day
Early on the morning of Saturday, June 28, 1969, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and questioning persons rioted following a police raid on the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar at 43 Christopher Street in Greenwich Village, Manhattan, New York City. This riot and further protests and rioting over the following nights were the watershed moment in modern LGBT rights movement and the impetus for organising LGBT pride marches on a much larger public scale.
On November 2, 1969, Craig Rodwell, his partner Fred Sargeant, Ellen Broidy, and Linda Rhodes proposed the first pride march to be held in New York City by way of a resolution at the Eastern Regional Conference of Homophile Organizations (ERCHO) meeting in Philadelphia.
“That the Annual Reminder, in order to be more relevant, reach a greater number of people, and encompass the ideas and ideals of the larger struggle in which we are engaged—that of our fundamental human rights—be moved both in time and location.
We propose that a demonstration be held annually on the last Saturday in June in New York City to commemorate the 1969 spontaneous demonstrations on Christopher Street and this demonstration be called CHRISTOPHER STREET LIBERATION DAY. No dress or age regulations shall be made for this demonstration.
We also propose that we contact Homophile organisations throughout the country and suggest that they hold parallel demonstrations on that day. We propose a nationwide show of support.
All attendees to the ERCHO meeting in Philadelphia voted for the march except for Mattachine Society of New York, which abstained.
Members of the Gay Liberation Front (GLF) attended the meeting and were seated as guests of Rodwell’s group, Homophile Youth Movement in Neighborhoods (HYMN).
Meetings to organise the march began in early January at Rodwell’s apartment in 350 Bleecker Street. At first there was difficulty getting some of the major New York City organisations like Gay Activists Alliance (GAA) to send representatives. Craig Rodwell and his partner Fred Sargeant, Ellen Broidy, Michael Brown, Marty Nixon, and Foster Gunnison of Mattachine made up the core group of the CSLD Umbrella Committee (CSLDUC). For initial funding, Gunnison served as treasurer and sought donations from the national homophile organisations and sponsors, while Sargeant solicited donations via the Oscar Wilde Memorial Bookshop customer mailing list and Nixon worked to gain financial support from GLF in his position as treasurer for that mainstays of the organising committee were Judy Miller, Jack Waluska, Steve Gerrie and Brenda Howard of GLF.
Believing that more people would turn out for the march on a Sunday, and so as to mark the date of the start of the Stonewall uprising, the CSLDUC scheduled the date for the first march for Sunday, June 28, 1970.With Dick Leitsch’s replacement as president of Mattachine NY by Michael Kotis in April 1970, opposition to the march by Mattachine ended.
Brenda Howard is known as the “Mother of Pride” for her work in coordinating the march. Howard also originated the idea for a week-long series of events around Pride Day, which became the genesis of the annual LGBT Pride celebrations that are now held around the world every June.Additionally, Howard along with fellow LGBT Activists Robert A. Martin (aka Donny the Punk) and L. Craig Schookmaker are credited with popularising the word “Pride” to describe these festivities.
As LGBT rights activist Tom Limoncelli put it, “The next time someone asks you why LGBT Pride marches exist or why [LGBT] Pride Month is June tell them ‘A bisexual woman named Brenda Howard thought it should be.'”
There was little open animosity, and some bystanders applauded when a tall, pretty girl carrying a sign “I am a Lesbian” walked by. – The New York Times coverage of Gay Liberation Day, 1970
Christopher Street Liberation Day on June 28, 1970 marked the first anniversary of the Stonewall riots with an assembly on Christopher Street and the first Gay Pride March in U.S. history, covering the 51 blocks to Central Park. The march took less than half the scheduled time due to excitement, but also due to wariness about walking through the city with gay banners and signs. Although the parade permit was delivered only two hours before the start of the march, the marchers encountered little resistance from onlookers.The New York Times reported (on the front page) that the marchers took up the entire street for about 15 city blocks.Reporting by The Village Voice was positive, describing “the out-front resistance that grew out of the police raid on the Stonewall Inn one year ago”.